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Core indicators Core indicators

Core indicators Core indicators



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Core indicators
This document contains a selection of core
indicators which have been identified in relation to different Community
priorities in accordance with the Commission’s Guidelines*.
This list covers only the main indicators
of effects of the implementation of programmes in terms of „outputs”, „results”
and „impacts”.
Output indicators
relate to activity. They are often measured in physical or monetary units
(e.g. number of kms of a road built, number of firms having received
financial support, number of training places provided etc.)
Result indicators
represent the direct and immediate effects generated by a programme. They
provide information on the changes that affect the behaviour (or
performance) of direct beneficiaries. These indicators may also be of a
physical (reduction in journey time, number of successful trainees, number
of roads accidents, etc.) or financial nature (induced investment by the
private sector, decrease in transportation cost etc.).
Impact indicators
represent the consequences of the programme beyond the immediate effects
on its direct beneficiaries. Two notions of impact may be defined,
depending on whether these are effects occurring after a certain lapse of
time (specific impacts) but are directly linked to the action
taken, or longer-term effects affecting a larger population (global impacts).
The Commission intends to use these core
indicators in order to better
disseminate good monitoring and evaluation practices across the Union,
to improve benchmarking, to provide more reliable statistics for inter-regional
comparisons and, finally, to give a more comprehensive picture of the effects
of the programmes.
Methodology for selecting the core
indicators
The criteria used for selecting these
indicators have been the following:
. Relevance (to common priorities
and objectives)
. Quantification (ability to set
targets and, where appropriate, establish baselines)
. Reliability (clarity of
definition and ease of aggregation)
. Availability (on the ground for
entry into the monitoring system)”
The different indicators are presented as
one „fiche” per priority. It should also be noted that this selection
represents a limited number of suggestions and, as such, is not meant to be
exhaustive.
It should be noted that none of the above
are obligatory requirements from the Commission.
These are however, designed to facilitate
the monitoring and evaluation of the programmes.
* Structural Fund and
Cohesion fund. Guidance for future programmes (2000-2006) – Working document of
the Commission, Feb.1999. A supplementary selection of indicators specifically
for rural and agricultural interventions will be available at a later stage.
Sheet A:
Employment
Employment is a paramount objective of the
Structural Fund interventions. This is mainly achieved by improving the
conditions within the assisted areas and promoting wider economic development.
This policy objective needs to be reflected in how job creation is forecast and
measured.
For
quantifying the effects on employment, it should be noted that structural
intervention produces a certain number of direct effects (e.g., jobs
created by an assisted SME) or indirect effects (e.g., jobs induced by a
new infrastructure). For a more precise evaluation and com 949k1017j parison of the real
effects on employment, net effects on employment should be estimated.
This is based on the gross effects (overall impact stated by the
beneficiaries), taking into account the dead-weight (beneficial effects that
would have been obtained in any event), displacement effects (effects on
employment that generate job losses inside the same target area), and
multiplier (or indirect) effects. This should also help to avoid the problem of
double-counting. To improve the accuracy of these estimates, a distinction
should be made between jobs that are maintained (jobs that would have been lost
in the absence of the intervention) from new jobs linked to the form of
assistance.
The Commission has developed a method
aimed at creating a common reference framework for evaluating employment
effects and quantifying more precisely the expected employment effects set out
in the programmes and measures*.
Thus, the employment indicators should be
constructed taking into account of the following elements:
. Conversion into FTE (Full Time Equivalent)
jobs**
. Distinction Gross/Net employment effects
(this implies, on the national level, the existence of or the development of a
methodology for estimating net employment taking due account of displacement,
dead-weight and indirect effects)
. Breakdown between new jobs and
safeguarded jobs
. Further subdivision between men and
women in order to have information on the effects on equality of opportunity.
The information is, in principle,
available at the project level and is then aggregated at the level of the
measures and the programmes.
The choice of using only core impact
indicators for employment reflects the medium to long-term objective of the
Structural Funds. Nevertheless, employment may also be measured as a direct and
immediate effect on the project-level.
* DGXVI has published a methodological note on
calculating net employment effects entitled Counting the jobs: How to
evaluate the employment effects of Structural Funds( 1997)
** Part-time jobs may be converted into FTEs on the basis
of two to one. Jobs can be defined as permanent if they continue after the end
of the intervention or if they last for a pre-defined period after the end of
the intervention.
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(1,2,3)
Employment
(created)
Additional jobs in the firm or
institution that would not have existed without the programme, measure or
project (the level at which measurement is made should be specified at the
monitoring or evaluation stage).
Number
Gross/Net
FTE
Men/Women
(1,2,3)
Employment
(safeguarded)
Those jobs that are maintained in the firm or
institution as a result of the project/programme and which would otherwise
have been lost (the level at which measurement is made should be specified at
the monitoring or evaluation stage).
Number
Gross/Net
FTE
Men/Women
Sheet B: Transport
infrastructure networks
The
importance of transport infrastructure for improving the competitiveness and
the accessibility of regions is recognized in the context of the Structural
Funds. Indeed, networks and transport systems have a crucial role to play in
terms of assisting economic development in the regions. Economic actors need
reliable and reasonably priced access to markets and citizens need to have
access to a
good public transport system. The
objective of the regional development programmes are, in this sense, to remove
the obstacles and „missing links” that enterprises and travelers face and to
improve the quality of the transport systems and transport infrastructure in
general.
In addition, the Trans-European
Networks-Transport (TENs-T) have the potential for opening up the European
territory by generating new opportunities for the peripheral regions as well as
addressing the problem of missing intra-European links.
The indicators reflect this focus on
improvement of the links including those with TENs.
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(311)
Rail
infrastructure
High speed railway infrastructure (constructed
or upgraded)
Km
Degree of network
completion (%)
(313)
Motorway
infrastructure
Motorways constructed or upgraded
Km
Degree of network
completion (%)
Core result indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(311, 313)
Time saved
Reduction in journey time
(journey time x
freight/passengers
volume)
(311, 313)
Accessibility
gains
Indicator measuring accessibility
allowed by
new transport infrastructure using the
most
efficient mode of transport
ESS (Equivalent
Straight line
Speed)*
* ESS stands for Equivalent straight-line speed, and it
measures the ease of access from one point to another, regardless of the
distance between these points. It is computed by dividing the straight-line
distance between the two points by the rapidest possible trip duration between
them.
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(31)
Traffic flows
Traffic flows of
vehicles/passengers/freight after one year (broken down into categories of
transport – rail/road/air/sea)
Increase (%)
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(31)
Environmental
impact
Environmental impact in terms of
increased or
decreased pollution (CO2, Nox.)
Increase or
decrease (%)
(31)
Employment
(created and
safeguarded)
Jobs in the company or institution
created or safeguarded as a result of supported transport projects.
Number and % of
total jobs (Men/Women)
Sheet C: Energy
infrastructure networks
A sustainable regional
development needs an efficient, competitive and diversified energy sector. The
Community places particular importance on improving safety and quality of
energy distribution as well as on cost reduction. Renewable energy sources and
improvement of energy networks are also part of this priority.
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(331)
Installed
capacity
New or upgraded capacity, broken down by
source of energy (electricity, gas etc.)
KW/MW
Degree of network
completion (%)
Core result indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(331)
Population
served
Users connected to the new or upgraded
network
Number
(331)
Cost for final
users
Reduction in energy cost
Euro/KWh
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(332)
Renewable
energy sources
Increase in share of renewable energy
sources
compared to total energy supply
% compared to
total
(331)
Efficiency
Efficiency increases in supported plants
and
installations leading to a better use of
resources
Tones Petrol
Equivalents
(33)
Emissions
Environmental impact in terms of
increased or
decreased pollution (CO2, Nox.)
% change from baseline
(33)
Employment
(created and
safeguarded)
Jobs in the company or institution
created or
safeguarded as a result of supported
energy
projects.
Number and % of
total jobs
(Men/Women)
Sheet D:
Telecommunications and Information society
The rapid development of telecommunications and the
Information Society (IS) have opened vast new possibilities for economic
development. It has enlarged the commercial options for companies and may help
peripheral areas to keep employment and to develop new areas of activity
(on-line electronic commerce for instance) less dependent on the localization
factors.
An efficient telecommunication
infrastructure is a basic condition for these types of services and the general
access to the Information Society, even if it is not the only one. Other
actions in this priority also include the promotion of e.g. new
telecommunication and/or information technology services.
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(322)
Digitalization
Digital telephone lines
Number and %
increase
(324)
Information
Technology Start-ups
Start-up firms providing Information
Technology related services (on-line,
ecommerce,
etc.)
Number
Core result indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(324)
Information
Technology
services
SMEs developing and commercializing
Information Technology services
Number
(324)
Information
Technology
services
INTERNET PoP (Point of presence) per
local
call area
Number
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(32)
Employment
(created)
Additional jobs in the company or
institution created as a result of assisted Information
Society related projects
Number and % of
total jobs
(Men/Women)
Sheet E:
Environment
The European environment is still under pressure
considering the quality of the soil, water and air. Efforts in terms of
environmental infrastructure in the areas of, for instance, waste treatment or
water supply are important factors in the economic development of the regions.
Other factors acting for a better environment are also the promotion of clean
technologies, training and tools such as eco-audits for SMEs.
One suggestion for a horizontal indicator
of the mainstreaming of environmental priority would be to classify, at the
project-level application stage, all projects in the following categories:
The project*:
1. Is it positive
in environmental terms?
2. Is it neutral
in environmental terms?
3. Is it negative
in environmental terms?
 
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(345)
Water treatment and purification
Capacity improvements for water
treatment and
purification plants
m ³
(343)
Waste disposal
and recycling
Capacity created in waste disposal
facilities
and/or recycling facilities
% increase (tonnes)
(162,
18, 344)
Environmental
technologies
Firms receiving financial support to
introduce environmental technologies or to develop ecoproducts
Number (of which
new SMEs)
Core result indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(343)
Population
served (waste
disposal)
Households served for collection of
municipal
solid waste
Number and %
population
(344,
345)
Population
served (water supply)
Households served by new/ improved
networks
or water supply systems
Number and %
population
* In terms of management indicators and categorization
of projects, the 5th Programme of policy and action in relation to the
environment and sustainable development („Towards Sustainability”)
can be used. One way of using this at programme or measure level is mentioned
in „Environment and Sustainable Development: A guide for the ex-ante
evaluation of the environmental impact of regional development
programmes”, Commission, 1999.
 
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(1,2,3)
Reduction of
pollution
Environmental impact in terms of
decreased
pollution (CO2, NOx.)
% decrease
(16,18,
34)
Employment
(created and
safeguarded)
Jobs in the company or institution
created or safeguarded as a result of supported environmental projects.
Number and % of
total jobs (Men/Women)
Sheet F: Research
& Development, Technology and Innovation (RDTI)
The promotion of RDTI capacities in the
regions is key to future economic growth and the development of new activities.
Priorities for the Community are thus to improve the innovation capacity of the
regions, particularly in SMEs, to encourage networking between research
institutes and companies within the region, the Member State and the Community
as well as to develop human resources through training.
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(182)
Networking
Joint R&D projects (collaborative
projects between firms and research institutions supported)
Number
(182)
RTDI projects
and technology
purchase
Firms receiving financial support for
RTDI projects and technology purchase
Number
Core result indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(182)
RDTI
investment
induced
Investment in RDTI induced by
enterprises involved in supported joint projects
% increase
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(182)
Innovation
New products/processes marketed by firms
receiving financial support
Number
(18)
Employment
(created)
Additional jobs in the company or
institution created as a result of assisted RDTI projects
Number and % of
total jobs
(Men/Women)
Sheet G: SMEs
SMEs are a major source of economic
restructuring, innovation and employment. Low figures for numbers of SMEs and
business start-ups are almost always correlated with development problems and
unemployment. This applies across all sectors, whether in manufacturing,
services and primary industries, and in all types of regions, both rural and
urban.
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(161)
SME support
(existing)
Existing SME receiving financial support (i.e. grants,
loans or equity investment excepting consultancy ,
information/advice support)
Number, Men/Women owners, Size
(micro/small and medium)*
(161)
SME support
(new)
New SME receiving financial support
(i.e. grants, loans or equity investment excepting consultancy,
information/advice support)
Number Men/Women
owners, Size (micro/small and medium
(162)
SME cross-border
networking
SMEs involved in cross-border projects
Number, Men/Women
owners, Size (micro/small and medium)
Core result indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(16)
SME investment
(leverage effect)
Direct private investment in financially
supported firms
Mio Euro and % of
total investment
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(16)
Employment
(created and
safeguarded)
Jobs in the company or institution
created or
safeguarded as a result of supporting
SMEs.
Number and % of
total jobs (Men/Women)
(161)
Survival rate
New SMEs receiving financial support
which are still in business after 18 months
Number and % of
total new SMEs
receiving financial
support (Men/Women)
* Micro
enteprises are defined as: less than 10 employees. Small and medium sized
enterprises are defined as less than 250 employees or a turnover of no more than
40 million euro. (Recommendation of 3 April 1996 in OJ107 of 30.04.96, page 4).
Sheet H: Human
Resources Development
The core indicators presented below
correspond to two different goals:
A set
of output indicators aiming to measure the volume of activity that has to
be collected at the measure level and aggregated at the various levels of
the programme. They are common to all the measures of the same type
(assistance to persons, assistance to systems) and represent a
„common minimum” which is to be forwarded to the Commission by
electronic means. Furthermore they have to be consistent with the
financial input indicators (commitments, real payments).
Indicators
quantifying the strategic objectives associated with the policy domains or
priorities. They can be linked with indicators included in the National
Action Plans. They are output or impact type indicators, often on a
national level and therefore cannot in general be aggregated up from the
measure to the priority level. These indicators are given as examples and
are not meant to be exhaustive.
 
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
21 to
25
Assistance to
persons
Number of beneficiaries in a scheme or
measure
Number and/or % by characteristics:
In, out, carryover
Men/women Status on the labour market
(employees,
independent,
Unemployed (short or long term),
inactive (of
which at school))
21 to
25
Assistance to
systems,
accompanying
measures
Number of projects
Number
Core result and impact indicators
 
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
21
Labour market
policy
Reduction in the youth unemployment rate
% (Men/Women)
22
Exclusion
Reduction in the rate of LTU
% (Men/Women)
23
Employability
and LLL
Increase in the participation rate of the labour force
to training
Reduction in school drop-out rates
% (Men/Women)
% (Men/Women)
24
Adaptability,
Entrepreneurship
Increase in the number of SMEs using
continuous training.
Number of new businesses
% and
number
25
Specific actions
for women
Increase in female activity rate
%
Sheet I: Equal
opportunities
Equal opportunities are one of the
horizontal priorities, together with the environment, set out in Structural
Fund Regulations and Policy guidelines. The gender perspective needs to be
included where appropriate in policy-making and thus become „mainstreamed”.
This means that all indicators should include, whenever relevant, a break down
in terms of gender. For instance, job created/safeguarded and business start-up
figures are typical examples to be distinguished by gender.
One suggestion for a horizontal indicator
of the mainstreaming of equal opportunities would be to classify, at the
project-level application stage, all projects in the following categories:
The project is
it:
1.
Equality-neutral
2. Equality-oriented
(low equality of opportunity content)
3. Equality
project (medium to high equality of opportunity content)
In addition to the above mainstreaming,
there are certain specific indicators that are especially useful to measure the
advancement of equal opportunities such as the number of female entrepreneurs
promoting projects in the regions or general employment indicators measuring
women job figures.
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(166)
Services in
support of the
social economy
Organisations and schemes receiving
financial support
Number
Core result indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(161)
Female
entrepreneurship
Women project owners
Number
(public/private)
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
25
Specific actions
for women
Increase in female activity rate in the
labour Market*
%
* « Concentration » of Men/Women in the labour market
can be defined as when the proportion of women for a given sector is above 70%
or below 10%.
Sheet J: Urban
development
Urban areas play an essential role for the
European economy. They are the centres of communication, culture, creativity,
innovation and entrepreneurship but also the sources for overconsumption of energy
and severe pollution. This implies that the role of the urban areas as growth
poles in the regions must be maintained but also that actions in favour of the
environment and the regeneration of urban areas accompany the cities in
assuming this role.
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(352)
Community
development
Community organisations ‚projects
supported
Number
(352)
Urban renewal
Urban renewal projects supported
Number
Core result indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(352)
Attractiveness
of the area
Businesses/commerce settling in the
renewed area
Number
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(35)
Employment
(created and
safeguarded)
Jobs in the company or institution
created or safeguarded as a result of assisted urban projects.
Number and % of
total jobs (Men/Women)
Sheet K: Fisheries
Interventions in this field will rely on 5
priorities: adjustment of fishing efforts, modernization of fleets, processing,
trade and promotion of products, aquaculture, and other subsidies (including
harbour facilities, socio-economic measures and support to producer
organizations).
Core output indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(142)
Fishing vessels
Fishing vessels laid up (scrapped/
modernized/ replaced)
Number/ tonnage
Core result indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(142)
Catch
Catch of laid-up vessels during their
latest year of activity
Tons / year / species
Core impact indicators
Code
Type of indicator
Definition
Measurement
(142)
Depleted stocks
Reduction in catches of depleted stocks
fished
Tons by species

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  • Date: Kwiecień 18, 2013
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